Existing and Emerging technologies

Seismic and Exploration

Sub category Technologies TRL Operators Case Studies
Geophysical Acquisition 4D high density source-receiver array to provide dense sampling required for fracture identification  8-9 BP  
Steerable streamers combined with strict 4D repeatability criteria for high-quality, low noise 4D time-lapse volumes 8-9 Apache  
Ocean bottom nodes  8-9 Equinor/Chrysaor  
Multi-sensor streamer surveys 8-9 Chrysaor  
4D Seismic acquisition  8-9 Total/Ithaca/BP  
Gravity & Magnetic acquisition during seismic survey to improve Earth Model e.g. depth to basement 8-9 Shell  
Vertical Seismic Profile - Use of VSP equipment to allow higher resolution seismic data gathering in vicinity of well bores 8-9 Total  
LWD High Resolution Acoustic Imaging in exploration and appraisal wells 8-9 Chrysaor  
LWD deep directional resistivity to confirm reservoir architecture and geosteering  8-9 Chrysaor  
Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) VSP  6-7 BP  
Edinburgh Time Lapse Consortia for 4D seismic research and seis to sim forward modelling. Sharing data sets for research purposes.   Ithaca, Taqa  
Processing and Imaging 3D Seismic data set reprocessing  8-9 Alpha, Apache, Chrysaor, Cairn, Azinor, KNOC, Shell, Repsol Sinopec  
4D Seismic data processing techniques 8-9 BP, Chrysaor, Apache, CNOOC, Heriot-Watt University, Total  
Seismic Inversion - Pre-stack Inversion 8-9 Equinor  
One dimensional stochastic inversion of TerraCube Post Stack Time Migration data to generate pseudo wells and rock properties 8-9 Ithaca  
Full Waveform Inversion (FWI)  8-9 Total, Apache, Cluff Natural resources  
Amplitude-Variation-with-Offset (AVO) Seismic Inversion  8-9 Equinor, Azinor, Burgate E&P  
Pre-stack Waveform Inversion – AVO hybrid 8-9 Equinor  
Controlled Source ElectroMagnetic (CSEM) / Magneto Telluric data resolution and interpretation improvements to improve model confidence 8-9 Chrysaor  
Fault Mapping using Artificial Intelligence  6-7 Ithaca, Cluff Natural Resources  
Innovative Full Waveform Inversion Processing Techniques  4-5 CNOOC/ /Sapient/Enquest  
Advanced Migration Algorithms – reduce noise & anomalous migration energy  6-7 Shell  
Subsurface Modelling Modelling software using machine learning to run history matches on field data sets for locate the remaining oil (LTRO) exercises 8-9 Shell  
Sim2Seis modelling to close the loop on reservoir modelling & optimise target infill drilling  8-9 Enquest  
Integrated subsurface modelling (static & dynamic)  8-9 Shell  
Geochemical fingerprinting/lab analysis to support subsurface modelling 8-9 Shell  
Proprietary Basin Modelling platform  8-9 Shell  
University of Aberdeen Sand Injectite Group (SIRG JIP) - Thin injectite driven geology  8-9 Apache  
Machine learning based missed pay identification  6-7 9 operators NNS Exploration Applying AI/Machine Learning
Virtual Reality for Outcrop and Subsurface  6-7 Shell  
Advanced seismic interpretation tools auto tracking of seismic horizons / cloud based seismic data interpretation  6-7 Shell/Chrysaor Seismic Data in the Cloud
Advances in biostratigraphic processing techniques combined with heavy mineral analysis -Triassic Reservoirs.  1-3 BP  
Chemostratigraphy Machine Learning Tool  4-5 CNOOC  
Data mining & AI to improve characterisation of undeveloped resources  6-7 Shell  
DE4RM – 4D geomechanical modelling  6-7 Equinor  
Geocellular modelling – focus on flexible grid design  6-7 Chrysaor  



The technologies referred to in this report are for illustrative purposes only and other technologies may be available. The OGA does not directly or indirectly endorse, recommend or guarantee any entity, product or technology referred to in this report.